Development of “PRO Rakyat" Application for Cost Reduction and Effectiveness of Examination


  • Oman Faiyun Vocational High School of Muhammadiyah 1 Temanggung, INDONESIA
  • Budi Santosa Master Program of Vocational Teacher Education, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, INDONESIA
  • Edhy Susatya Master Program of Vocational Teacher Education, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, INDONESIA



paper-based exam,, computer-based test, examination


Government Regulation No. 19 of 2005 concerning National Education Standards, explains that the government and education units need to assess student learning outcomes. Technological advances coupled with the call of the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia to carry out the Computer-Based National Examination made paper-based exam began to be abandoned. This research uses the research and development method with the analytic, design, development, implementation and evaluation (ADDIE) model. However, in practice, there are still many educational units that have not been able to carry out due to various reasons including not having adequate infrastructure. Therefore a computer-based test model and or smartphone that is designed can be used without the need for high-specification devices. This model was designed with open source software namely Debian, NGINX, PHP-FPM, Moodle, PostgreSQL, and PFSense. The concept of the server is optimized so that only one server can accommodate hundreds of students in one session without requiring high specifications. Finding of the research are; testing using a computer and/or smartphone does not require high specifications on either the client or server-side, the interface that is designed neatly and simply makes it easy for test-takers to operate the application, test takers become more free and calm in carrying out exams using computers and or smartphones, exams using computers and/or smartphones have more flexibility in terms of question variations, exams using computers and / or smartphones are more cost-effective, exams using computers and/or smartphones are more desirable than paper exams.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdillah, L. A. (2016). Ujian online mahasiswa ilmu komputer berbasis smartphone. arXiv preprint arXiv:1701.06428.

Aisah, N. (2019). Sistem Try Out Online Dan Media Pembelajaran Persiapan Ujian Nasional Studi Kasus Smkn 2 Bandung. Universitas Komputer Indonesia.

Bower, M., Dalgarno, B., Kennedy, G. E., Lee, M. J., & Kenney, J. (2015). Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous learning environments: Outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Computers & Education, 86, 1-17

Branch, R. M. (2009). Instructional design: The ADDIE approach (Vol. 722): Springer Science & Business Media

Carolina, E. S. (2017). Are Islamic boarding schools ready? The use of the computer-based test in the national exam policy for English subject. Ta’dib: Journal of Islamic Education, 22.

Dougiamas, M., & Taylor, P. (2003). Moodle: Using learning communities to create an open source course management system. Paper presented at the EdMedia+ Innovate Learning.

Elfida, M., & Nasution, M. K. (2005). Perancangan antarmuka sistem informasi. Al-Khawarizmi: Journal of Computer Science, 1(1), 11-17.

Hertzog, R., & Mas, R. (2013). The Debian Administrator's Handbook. Freexian SARL.

Indonesia, K. P. d. K. R. (2019). Persentasi Pelaksanaan UNBK.

Indonesia, P. D. d. T. I. K. P. d. K. R. (2019a). Statistik Sekolah Menengah Atas. (viii, 196 hal.; 27,5 cm.—SMA 19/20)). Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Pusat Data dan Teknologi Informasi.

Indonesia, P. D. d. T. I. K. P. d. K. R. (2019b). Statistik Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. (viii, 196 hal.;27,5 cm.—(SMK 19/20)). Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Pusat Data dan Teknologi Informasi

Indonesia, P. D. d. T. I. K. P. d. K. R. (2019c). Statistik Sekolah Menengan Pertama. (viii, 195 hal.;27,5 cm.—(SMP 1920)). Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Pusat Data dan Teknologi Informasi

Ita, M. E., Kecskemety, K. M., Ashley, K. E., & Morin, B. C. (2015). Comparing Student Performance on Computer Based vs. Paper-Based Tests in a First-Year Engineering Course. The ASEE Computers in Education (CoED) Journal, 6(1), 2.

Jaffe, J. (1981). Bottleneck flow control. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 29(7), 954-962.

Kaligis, D. L., & Fatri, R. R. (2020). PENGEMBANGAN TAMPILAN ANTARMUKA APLIKASI SURVEI BERBASIS WEB DENGAN METODE USER CENTERED DESIGN. JUST IT: Jurnal Sistem Informasi, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer, 10(2), 106-114.

Kumar, R., & Goyal, R. (2019). On cloud security requirements, threats, vulnerabilities and countermeasures: A survey. Computer Science Review, 33, 1-48.

Luther, A. C. (1994). Interactive multimedia, Multimedia systems, System design. Boston: AP Professional.

Lerdorf, R., Tatroe, K., Kaehms, B., & McGredy, R. (2002). Programming Php: " O'Reilly Media, Inc.".

McConnell, S. (1996). Rapid development: taming wild software schedules: Pearson Education.

Nasution, S. D. (2013). Penerapan metode linier kongruendan algoritma vigenère chiper pada aplikasi sistem ujian berbasis lan. Jurnal Pelita Informatika Budi Darma, 4(1), 94-102.

Nedelcu, C. (2010). Nginx HTTP Server: Adopt Nginx for Your Web Applications to Make the Most of Your Infrastructure and Serve Pages Faster Than Ever: Packt Publishing Ltd.

Neuman, W. L. (2006). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative research. USA: University of Wisconsin. Hal, 209-309.

Nurchali. (2010). Pengaruh Media Pembelajaran Berbasis Teknologi Informasi dalam Pembelajaran Kimia Terhadap Peningkatan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa. Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 16, 10.

PostgreSQL, B. (1996). PostgreSQL. Web resource: http://www. PostgreSQL. org/about.

Rahmawati, R. (2016). Perbandingan Efisiensi Biaya Bank Umum Syariah di Indonesia Sebelum dan Sesudah Spin-Off (Dengan Pendekatan Parametrik). MASLAHAH (Jurnal Hukum Islam dan Perbankan Syariah), 7(2), 65-88.

Rice, W., & William, H. (2006). Moodle: Packt publishing Birmingham.

Singh, J., & Behal, S. (2020). Detection and mitigation of DDoS attacks in SDN: A comprehensive review, research challenges and future directions. Computer Science Review, 37, 100279.

Skvorc, B. (2015). Jump Start PHP Environment: SitePoint.

Skvorc, B., Punt, T., Rafie, Y., Pitt, C., & Lavaryan, R. (2017). Better PHP Development: SitePoint.

Stellman, A., & Greene, J. (2005). Applied software project management: " O'Reilly Media, Inc.".

Strandberg, M. B., Stent, R. J., Curreri, A., Gillis Jr, W. J., Cambray, J., & Smith, B. S. (2004). Browser user inter face for client workstation. In: Google Patents.

Sung, Y.-T., Chang, K.-E., & Liu, T.-C. (2016). The effects of integrating mobile devices with teaching and learning on students' learning performance: A meta-analysis and research synthesis. Computers & Education, 94, 252-275.

Sutabri, T. (2012). Analisis sistem informasi: Penerbit Andi.

Wang, A. I., & Tahir, R. (2020). The effect of using Kahoot! for learning–A literature review. Computers & Education, 149, 103818.

Wiegers, K., & Beatty, J. (2013). Software requirements: Pearson Education




How to Cite

Faiyun, O., Santosa, B., & Susatya, E. (2020). Development of “PRO Rakyat" Application for Cost Reduction and Effectiveness of Examination. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 1(2), 11-19.