Factors Affecting the Students’ Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Public University in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Akhter Esma Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, BANGLADESH
  • Siddiky Md. Roknuzzaman Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, BANGLADESH

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53797/jthkkss.v5i1.2.2024

Keywords:

Academic performance, personal factors , social factors , psychological factors, institutional factors

Abstract

The study was intended to investigate the factors that affect students’ academic performance. Primary data were collected from the 100 undergraduate students via face-to-face interviews purposively sampled from the various academic departments of Noakhali Science and Technology University (NSTU), Bangladesh. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to analyze the data.  The study identified four categories of factors such as personal factors, social factors, psychological factors, and institutional factors that affect students’ academic performance. The study found that the personal factors involving gender, class participation, personal interests in academic majors and daily study hour, social factors involving family support, social media usage and teachers’ guidance, and institutional factors involving internet facilities, availability of books in central library and lab facilities positively affect students’ academic performance while psychological factors involving students’ level of depression, level of anxiety and the level of frustration negatively affect their academic performance . All associations were found to be statistically significant (p< 0.05).  The study suggested that students’ families and university should come forward to strengthen their academic support and guidance that would result in their better academic performance.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akbur, U. (2021). Does class participation predict academic achievement? A mixed-method study. English Language Teaching Educational Journal, 4(2), 148-160. https://doi.org/10.12928/eltej.v4i2.3551

Alani, F.S. & Howas, A.T. (2021). Factors affecting students academic performance: a case study of Sohar University. Psychology and Education, 58(5), 4624-4635.

Asif, M. F., Safdar, H., & Ali, S. (2020). Factors affecting the performance of school students: a case study of Bahawalpur. Elementary Education Online, 19(3), 3754-3762.

Akter, S. & Biswas, A. (2018). Effects of parental guidance on academic achievement of secondary students in Dumuria upazila of Khulna district, Bangladesh. Khulna University Studies, 15(1&2), 105-116.

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social-cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Becker, G.S. (1962). Investments in human capital: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 9-49.

Duncan, M.J., Patte, K.A., & Leatherdale, S.T. (2021). Mental health associations with academic performance and education behaviors in Canadian secondary school students. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 36(4), 336-357. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573521997311

Farooq, M.S. & Kai, Y.T. (2016). The role of read (rural education and development) foundation in quality education of Pakistan. International Online Journal of Primary Education, 5(2), 31-42.

Gajghat, R.H., Handa, C.C., & Himte,R.L. (2017). Factors influencing academic performance of the students at university level exam: a literature review. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 6(5), 102-110.

Islam, A. & Tasnim, S. (2021). An analysis of factors influencing academic performance of Undergraduate Students: A Case Study of Rabindra University, Bangladesh (RUB). International Journal of Education, 9(3), 127-135. https://doi.org/10.34293/

Jony, M.S. (2021). Exploring the key factors influencing the academic performance of first year students at undergraduate level. Journal of Educational issues, 7(2), 288-299. doi:10.5296/jei.v7i2.19068

Kuresoi, M., Lyamtane, E., & Koda, G. (2022). Influence of school physical facilities on academic performance of community secondary schools’ students in form four national examinations in Longido district, Tanzania. British Journal of Education, 10(12), 1-16.

Mahmud, A., Chanda Antor, S., Al Zabir, A. (2020). Factor affecting the academic performance of university students: evidence from Sylhet. Social Work & Education, 7(3), 373-382. https://doi.org/10.25128/2520-6230.20.3.11

Mappadang, A., Khusaini, K., Sinaga, M., & Elizabeth, E. (2022). Academic interest determines the academic performance of undergraduate accounting students: Multinomial logit evidence. Cogent Business & Management, 9(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2022.2101326

Mushtaq, I. & Khan, S.N. (2012). Factors affecting students’ academic performance. Global Journal of Management and Business Research, 12(9), 16-22.

Olugbenga, M. (2019). Impact of school facilities on the academic performance of secondary school students in Kaduna state, Nigeria. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 7(3), 497-507.

Omran, A. & Saleh, M.S.M. (2019). Factors affecting the academic performance of students at academic institution. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 40(1), 1-8.

Parajuli, M. & Thapa, A. (2017). Gender differences in the academic performance of students. Journal of Development and Social Engineering, 3(1), 39-47.

Peng, X., Sun, X., & He, Z. (2022). Influence mechanism of teacher support and parent support on the academic achievement of secondary vocational students. Frontiers in Psychology, 13(863740). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.863740

Rahman, M.W., Farid, K.S., & Tanny, N.Z. (2021). Determinants of students’ academic performance at the university level: case of Bangladesh. International Journal of Agricultural Science, Research and Technology in Extension and Education Systems, 11(4), 213-222.

Siddiky, M. R. (2019). Developing co-curricular activities and extra-curricular activities for all-round development of the undergraduate students: a study of a selected public university in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 10, 61-82.

Siddiky, M. R. (2020). Examining the linkage between students’ participation in co-curricular activities and their soft skill development. Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(3), 511-528.

Singh, S.P., Malik., S., & Singh, P. (2016). Factors affecting academic performance of students. Indian Journal of Research, 5(4), 176-178.

Sivakumar, R. (2020). Effects of social media on academic performance of the students. The Online Journal of Distance Education and e-Learning, 8(2), 90-97.

Shahjahan, M., Ahmed, K.R., Hadrami, A.L., Islam, M.R., Hossain, S., & Khan, M.S. (2021). Factors influencing poor academic performance among urban university students in Bangladesh. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 10(4), 1140-1148. http://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i4.21158

Zada, S., Wang, Y., Zada, M., & Gull, F. (2021). Effect of mental health problems on academic performance among university students in Pakistan. Indian Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(3), 395-408.

Downloads

Published

2024-07-06

How to Cite

Esma, A., & Md. Roknuzzaman, S. (2024). Factors Affecting the Students’ Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Public University in Bangladesh. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 5(1), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.53797/jthkkss.v5i1.2.2024

Issue

Section

Articles